To prevent climate change from worsening, we must take steps to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to the changes that are taking place today and in the future in order to limit the damage. The EU is fighting climate change through ambitious policies in its own country and close cooperation with its international partners. To combat greenhouse gas emissions, a proposal for a European tax on CO2 and energy was discussed in 1992. In the Community, however, there have been differences of opinion on the need and content of a CO2/energy tax, and a group of Member States (MEMBER STATES) led by the United Kingdom has prevented its introduction2. Despite the reduction in CO2 taxation, more flexible instruments have been adopted in the areas of energy efficiency and renewable energy. In addition to the recognition of the EU`s position on climate change negotiations in subsequent years, the agreements also paved the way for a number of directives and regulations: heads of state and government agreed to postpone the agreement until countries have more information on the national impact of the target. This could appease Poland, which has said it could not support a new climate target without this analysis. The Earth`s climate is changing. Dr Anna Hogg warns of the effects of global warming on humans and the environment. The following knowledge programme focuses on the history of climate policy instruments in the European Union (EU) and is structured over time. It began in the early 1990s and continued the policy of meeting the Kyoto targets for the first commitment period (2008-2012); followed by strategies for the second engagement period (with the 2020 target).
In the end, a brief introduction to the policy will be given after 2020. Detailed information on climate targets (non-political instruments) can be found in the introduction to the „Knowledge“ Overview of Climate Goals in Europe. Climate change affects us all and everyone can do something about the climate. Internationally, the EU will continue to conduct international negotiations in the run-up to the UN Climate Change Conference in Glasgow (COP26) to increase the ambitions of large emitters. The EU is committed to leading the global fight against climate change. EU heads of state and government are working to achieve the ambitious goal of making Europe climate neutral by 2050, in line with the Paris Agreement. Through cooperation over the coming decades, EU countries intend to ensure that greenhouse gas emissions are kept to a minimum and that measures are taken to offset the remaining emissions. The fight against climate change and the transition to a climate-neutral society requires considerable investment, research and innovation, new methods of production and consumption, and changes in the way we work, use transport and live together.
In 2009, the EU pledged to limit the average increase in global temperature to 2oC above pre-industrial levels by reducing greenhouse gas emissions, as unchecked climate change would undermine the foundations of modern society.